It’s no secret that diversity is an integral part of any workplace. Diversity has been shown to help increase innovation and improve employee satisfaction, but there are different ways to approach it. Here are the four key types of diversity in the office:
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Ethnic diversity is the most common type of diversity in the workplace. It refers to a mix of cultures, languages, and beliefs. Characteristics of a diverse and inclusive workplace include understanding a diverse clientele and market better.
For example, if you’re writing a piece on how to market your product in China, you’ll want someone who knows about Chinese culture and language (or has at least some knowledge of it). That person would bring an ethnic perspective that could help you improve your marketing strategy for Chinese consumers.
Gender diversity is a combination of gender balance and gender representation. Gender balance refers to the percentage of women in your workforce, while gender representation refers to how many women are in leadership roles. You can also look at these concepts separately, as well as at their intersection:
- Workforce Gender Diversity: The percentage of women in your organization’s workforce—for example, if it’s 60% female and 40% male, then you have 40% female employees (60 – 40), which is above average for most companies.
- Leadership Gender Diversity: The percentage of females in leadership positions (e.g., CEO or COO) versus males; if there are more than three times as many males than females in leadership roles (or vice versa), then this would be considered low or poor representation on both counts.
Cognitive diversity is the idea that a diverse workplace will have employees with different perspectives and ways of thinking about problems.
At its core, cognitive diversity leads to better problem-solving, decision making and a better overall workplace. It’s an undervalued concept in many companies because it’s hard to measure the benefits of having people think differently from each other. But if you’re trying to create a successful company or solve complex problems on your team, it’s worth considering how cognitive diversity could help you achieve your goals.
Cultural diversity is how people from different cultures work together, communicate, think, act, and live. It’s important because learning about other cultures can help you understand the world better.
It’s also important to consider cultural differences in the workplace because people from different cultures have different ideas about things like what makes a good employee or leader, what rules are essential for your organization and how employees should be treated. If we’re not careful, these differences may lead you to mistreat each other or make assumptions that aren’t true.
Intuit professionals believe the key to diversity is, “Open dialogue, clear communication and sharing information are a few of the key ways that a business can embrace inclusivity.”
Diversity is good for business, and it’s also good for the people who work in it. No one can succeed without knowing how different types of diversity work together to make a whole. So it’s essential that everyone knows their role clearly, so they can better understand where others fit into their lives and why all these differences matter.